• Tristan boys with "mollies" (D Schreier)


    Tristan da Cunha and the Tristanians, D & K Schreier, 2011, back cover.

  • Environs de la Rivière d'Abord (Bory de St Vincent)


    Deux textes religieux de Bourbon du 18e siècle et l'histoire du créole réunionnais, A Bollée, 2007, back cover.

  • Bounty Day parade


    Norfolk Island. History. People. Environment. Language, P Mühlhäusler & J Nash, 2012, p 57.

  • Pounding maize to make katchupa (N Quint, 2003)


    Black through White, A Bartens & P Baker (eds), 2012, p 21.

  • Washing the family's clothes in the Papagaio River (P Maurer)


    Principense, P Maurer, 2009, p 28.

  • Um jantar brasiliero ('a Brazilian dinner'; J-B Debret, 1827)


    Black through White, A Bartens & P Baker (eds), 2012, p 72.

  • Interduck Fair (D U Upasena, 2010)


    Multilinguals are ...?, M Cruz-Ferreira, 2010, p 71.

  • Rural scene near Helvetia, Mauritius (unknown artist, 1818)


    The making of Mauritian Creole, P Baker & G Fon Sing (eds), 2007, front cover.

  • Lady in a litter with her porters (unknown photographer, 1860)


    Black through White, A Bartens & P Baker (eds), 2012, p 72).

  • Horse tram, Batavia, 1870s (unknown artist)


    The former Portuguese Creole of Batavia and Tugu, P Maurer, 2011, p 342.

  • Norfolk cattle roam free and have right of way (J Nash)


    Norfolk Island. History. People. Environment. Language, P Mühlhäusler & J Nash, 2012, p 61.

  • Nunu and Keisha at the serving hatch (M Meyerhoff)


    Bequia Talk, M Meyerhoff & J A Walker, 2012, p 74.

  • A sugar factory near Sandy Point Town in ca. 1788 (A Brunias)


    Talk of St Kitts and Nevis, P Baker & L Pederson, 2013, p 36.



Bequia Talk
The speech community William Marsters begat on Palmerston Island, by Rachel Hendery. 122 (vi + 116) pages, more than 30 pictures and 2 maps, bibliography, and index. ISBN 9781903292297, £12.95, October 2015.
This book tells the story of William Marsters who, in 1860 arrived on this tiny (1km2), uninhabited island with three Polynesian women. By the time of his death in 1899 they had produced 17 children and 54 grandchildren. Today his descendants number more than 1000, most of whom live in New Zealand or Rarotonga. All those who remain on Palmerston are related and have the surname Marsters. The book has chapters on visiting the island, its history, a detailed account of how it functions today, and of the 19th century Midlands English spoken there which incorporates many Māori words.


Bequia Talk
by Nicolas Quint. 280 (x + 270) pages,. This consists of 22 lessons with model answers
and is illustrated with more than 40 photos and maps, ISBN 9781903292327, £19.95,
April 2015.
This book provides a course in the dominant, Santiago island variety of Capeverdean but also includes a description of the principal differences between this and its main rival, the dialect based on the island of São Vicente. In addition, it contains a Capeverdean - English glossary, a list of all the English words used in the lessons, and a topic-based vocabulary. There are also indexes of grammatical and cultural information. A free audio guide to the pronunciation of the sounds of this language, linked to pages 10 to 15, can be downloaded from below link.

Getting Started - Complete Audio File.wav   

(To download audio guide right-click on above link and select Save As or Save Target As or Save Link As)


Bequia Talk
by Miriam Meyerhoff & James A Walker, 142 (vi + 136) pages, with information for visitors, 30 photos, maps, references, index, 220 x 157 mms, ISBN 9781903292228, £ 12.95, April 2013.

On the face of it, the island of Bequia (St Vincent and the Grenadines) is just another Caribbean gem. But its unique patterns of settlement and history make it very special indeed. This book examines what makes Bequia special through the lens of the way people on the island talk. It looks at their distinctive ways of talking, their vocabulary, their ways of pronouncing words, and how they organize their sentences – investigating not only what they share that sets them apart from other speakers of English, but also how they mark regional and social differences on the island itself.


Talk of Saintt Kitts and Nevis
by Philip Baker & Lee Pederson. vi + 192 pages. Getting there, places of interest, culture, environment, history, language, texts,3,000 word list, with 60 illustrations, bibliographic references, and index. 220 x 157 mms, ISBN 9781903292167, £ 12.95, Available July 2013.

The island of St Christopher, better known as St Kitts, was the first island in the Caribbean to be occupied by people from the British Isles (1623). It was soon followed by Barbados (1627) and Nevis (1628). Since 1983, St Kitts and Nevis have have together formed one of the world's smallest independent states.

An introductory chapter provides basic information about the islands, their main attractions, local activities, and flora and fauna. This is followed by a chapter on their history from the 17th century to date. Most of the remainder of the book is devoted to the special forms of English which developed there, and includes details of how these have changed through time, a selection of texts from the 18th century onwards, and a substantial wordlist containing around 3,000 entries. The book also includes more than 60 illustrations (maps. photos, and paintings), a bibliography, and an index.

Black through White
Black through White. African words and calques which survived slavery in Creoles and transplanted European languages. Edited by Angela Bartens & Philip Baker with articles by these editors and also Joseph Farquharson, Anthony Grant, George Huttar, Silvia Kouwenberg, John Ladhams, John Lipsky, Mikael Parkvall, and Nicolas Quint. Ca. 370 pages, ISBN 9781903292129, £ 27.95, April 2012.

This book explores the significance of the semantic domains and word classes to which the Africanisms in a range of Creoles and transplanted European languages belong, as well as seeking to relate the African source languages to what is known of the settlement history of the territories concerned.


Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island. History. People. Environment. Language, by Peter Mühlhäusler & Joshua Nash. Ca. 150 pages, ISBN 9781903292259, £ 12.95, June 2012.

This is an information-packed handbook on Norfolk Island located between Australia and New Zealand. It traces the history of the Bounty mutineers from their initial south sea "paradise" through the rapid descent into a murderous hell on Pitcairn Island, followed by a deeply religious period and then relocation to the "near-paradise" of Norfolk Island. The book concentrates on the lives and culture of Norfolk's inhabitants today but demonstrates how much their ancestors' extraordinary past still plays a dominant role in the daily life of their descendants.